Administration of Burma, Burma Socialist Programme Party Era

   Following the establishment of the Revolutionary Council by Ne Win in March 1962, state, division, and local administration became the responsibility of a hierarchy of Security and Administration Committees (SAC), which on the national level were controlled by a Security and Administration Council Central Committee, directly answerable to the Revolutionary Council. Chairmen of the SACs on all levels were military officers.
   Following implementation of the Constitution of 1974, the SACs were replaced by state/division, township, and ward/village tract People's Councils, whose members were elected by popular vote from a list approved by the Burma Socialist Programme Party. In principle, the People's Councils had responsibility for administration on the regional or local level, but in fact they exercised little autonomy. Military officers continued to play a dominant role in administration, while the influence of professionally trained civil servants, many of whom were forced to retire after 1962, declined. The abolition of the Secretariat in 1972 also diminished the influence of civiian civil servants. In addition, the administrative system was uniform for the whole country; no attempt was made to accommodate the special circumstances of the ethnic minority states.
   See also Pyithu Hluttaw; State Council.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

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